What is Skin Care? - 4 Tips for Beginner from Japan & Korea
This article has all you need when you start skin care! In this article, you will learn the basic role of each skin care product, how to use them and how they work.
Especially, Japanese and Korean skin care products have ton of brands and so many varieties, getting knowledge of skin care is necessary to choose skin care product.
Let's start skin care from today to get more beautiful skin!
- What is Skin Care?
- Basic Role of Skin Care
- Basic Skin Care Routine in Home
- How to Choose Skin Care Product
1. What is Skin Care?
Skincare products retain the healthy skin using skincare products like toner, milky lotion, emulsion, moisturizer.
Also skincare products keep your skin clean and prevent from dry skin and rough skin.
2. Basic Role of Skin Care
The basic role of skincare is protect skin from external stimuli, eg) dry, friction, ultraviolet ray and keep skin moisture.
Each skincare products have different role.
Cleansing or make-up removers remove oily soluble dirt from cosmetics and sunscreens. So when you are waring make up, cleansing is required.
Face wash removes water soluble dirt like dust, sweat sebum. Face wash should be done every day before sleep regardless of make-up.
Face toner keep skin healthy condition giving skin moisturizing and beauty ingredients for serum, concentrate, moisturizer or cream which will be used after toner. Moisturized skin by toner support next items.
Moisturizer delivers the beauty ingredients that skin needs to the cuticle. In general, the feature of moisturizer is that beauty ingredients are concentrated and formulated in items.
Emulsion softens the skin by supplementing both of moisture and oil.
You may be able to moisturize without emulsion, milky lotion or cream if you use moisturizer because people have large amount of sebum secretion till early 20s in general.
However, if you use only toner and do not use moisturizer, or if you have dry skin, emulsion is required to supplement oil.
Cream soften the skin supplementing oil.
Cream is recommended item for people late 30s or above whose sebum secretion tend to decrease or those who have dry skin.
3. Basic Skin Care Routine in Home
Taking care of basic skin care carefully and use them correct way bring out the appeal of skin care products you already have.
Let's check the basic skin care procedures and correct skin care methods.
3.1 Skin Care Routine
Although skin care procedures may vary by manufacturer, the basic procedure is as follows. Let's do skin care after checking how to use.
Face wash → Toner → Essence → Emulsion or Cream → Sunscreen
Cleansing → Face wash → Toner → Essence → Emulsion or Cream
3.1 How to Use Skin Care product
Next, we introduce the skin care methods and important points of each skin care product.
Step 1: Tie your hair
How do you handle your hair when cleansing or washing your face?
Try not to cover the hair all over your face tying it behind with hair bands.
If you do not tie your hair, it will be get wet and be hard to wash your face properly.
Step 2: Washing hands
Since the hands are often touch various place, there are many germs.
If you do cleansing or washing your face without washing your hands, the germs may spread out on your face.
It may be hassle, but since face is very sensitive, don't forget clean your hands using soap before start skin care!
Step 3: Cleansing (night only)
- Remove eye makeup with eye makeup remover
- Take appropriate amount (written back side of products) of cleansing on dried hands and put it on the forehead, cheek, nose and jaw.
- Apply it to the entire face gently with both hands as if drawing a circle from the inside to the outside.
- Wash away with lukewarm water (around 30℃~35℃)
The purpose of cleansing is to remove oily dirty (makeup and sunscreen), so choose the one that suits your cosmetic!
If you chose the one that does not match how heavier you ware cosmetic, you may end up with a strain on your skin. So use proper cleansing depends on the skin condition and state of makeup.
Touch your skin gently so that the skin is not pulled too much.
Although it is important to wash away the cleansing oil after removing makeup, be careful not to touch strongly.
Step 4: Face wash
- Lathering face wash well.
- Put the lathered cleanser on 5 spots, cheeks, nose, forehead and chin, then slide your finger to wash gently from T zone (forehead and nose).
- Wash away with lukewarm water (around 30℃~35℃) gently (about 20 times)
- Wipe the moisture gently with a towel.
The most important point for face wash is foam.
It should be as fluffy as possible like below.
If it's difficult lathering foam by hands, foaming nets make for lovely, fluffy foam.
The point is to add lukewarm water little by little and bubble so as to crush big air bubbles.
If you foam well, you can make foam that won't fall off even if it's upside down.
As with cleansing, hot water may dry your skin, so wash away with lukewarm water (around 30℃~35℃) .
The role of face wash is to keep the skin clean by removing sedum, dust and germs on the skin surface. And wash carefully the cleansing which left on the face at this time.
It's not the end if bubbles is gone. Even if you can't see it, the cleansing might remain on your skin.
Also just be careful of your towel! If you use once, it my be breeding bacteria while it's wet.
Use a clean, soft-skinned towel and apply it gently to your skin to drain your face.
Step 5: Toner
- Take an appropriate amount of lotion on your hand.
- Starting from the cheek where is easy to dry, touch gently using entire plan.
- Apply toner again to where dryness is an issue.
Since the skin after cleansing is very dry, make sure to apply the toner as soon as possible after cleansing.
The role of toner is moisturize the skin and make it easy to apply the next essence or serum and cream.
Step 6: Essence
- Take an appropriate amount of essence on your hand.
- Starting from the cheek where is easy to dry, touch and press gently using entire plan.
- Apply essence again to where dryness is an issue.
When using an essence, spread the appropriate amount on your skin as well as the toner, and apply again to where drying is an issue.
Use the essence after putting it on the back of your hand and adjusting the amount because you can adjust the volume for each part, which also help prevent overuse. An essence is made for the purpose of delivering beauty ingredients to cuticles so it contained more beauty ingredients, moisture and oil compared with toner and emulsion.
Make good use of beauty essence to keep healthy skin!
Step 7: Emulsion
- Take an appropriate amount of milky on your hand.
- Starting from the cheek where is easy to dry, touch and press gently using entire plan.
Use emulsion depending on the dryness of your skin because emulsion provides a suitable amount of water and oil, and cream has the function of covering the skin and keeping it moist with oil. So if they applied too much, it will become excessive oily and may burden on the skin.
The oil of essence and the skin oil also have the role of protecting the skin from dryness as well as cream.
Especially, T-zone tends to have many sebum, so adjust the amount considering how to use it according to season (winter is dry and summer is humid) and skin condition.
However, supplement the oil properly on the easy to dry parts, eyes and mouth because it it necessary to replenish the oil with cosmetics as well as moisture if skin condition is low on oil.
Choose emulsion and cream according to your skin condition.
Get the high quality of Japanese or Korean emulsion directly from Japan and Korea on HERE!
Step 8: Sunscreen (only morning)
- Take appropriate amount of sunscreen (circle of 1.5 cm in diameter) in one hand.
- Put sunscreen on 5 points, sums, both cheeks, nose and jaw.
- Let go from the inside to the outside of face.
Sunscreens don't work correctly if the amount is too small. Apply the amount specified by manufacturer. Usually circle of 1.5 cm in diameter is appropriate.
If it seems difficult to apply at one time, apply in two separate applications.
In addition, it's very important to protect the skin from ultraviolet light, however it doesn't necessarily mean that they should have high SPF (Sun Protection Factor) and PA (Protection Grade of UVA) values.
Choose the sunscreen which suits your lifestyle and seasons.
Furthermore, sunscreens are not reliable all day even if hey have high SPF or PA value because they will fall off with sweat and friction. So any sunscreen needs to be reapplied when they are gone.
Get the high quality of Japanese or Korean sunscreen directly from Japan and Korea on HERE!
4. How to choose skin care products
The most important tips when you choose skin care products is "select skin care products which match your skin".
Let's find your skin type and choose one which suite your skin!
4.1 Find your skin type and know your skin condition
The skin condition is divided into mainly four types depending on the balance between its water content and oil content.
Check the condition when you wake up to find out what type of skin type you have.
In the morning, try to touch your skin (around cheeks) before you wash face.
Type1: There is a sense of picking up and feeling → There is little moisture and oily and the skin is easy to dry
Type2: Whole sebum floats and becomes sticky → There is a lot of both water and oil and the skin is sticky
Type3: There is a mixture of sticky and sticky parts of sebum → There is little water and the skin is rich in oil.
Type4: There is not particularly sticky and squeezed → The ideal skin with a lot of water and less oil.
First of all, get an indication of your skin tendency. However, skin changes with age and environment.
Don't believe your skin is always the same skin condition. Check your skin regularly and review your care and skin care products.